Intellectual Property law in Australia is administered by IP Australia which is responsible for the application, examination and registration of patents, designs, trade marks and plant breeder's rights.
IP Australia is also empowered by some of the current legislation to deal with matters such as oppositions and revocations, and ownership disputes. A right of appeal before a Commissioner is provided to an applicant for most sections of the Acts administered by IP Australia. The Commissioner also has limited powers of discretion over most matters governed by corresponding regulations (to each Act) and for matters defined in certain sections of each Act.
Appeal to the Federal Court, and higher courts, exists for most decisions of the Commissioner, although time limits may be imposed within the various Acts, or the right of appeal precluded. Certain actions, such as patent revocation, may be taken to the Federal Court in the first instance. Court decisions issuing in other British Commonwealth countries often carry weight in Australian courts (and Intellectual Property Office hearings), particularly in the absence of Australian case law on the issue.